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DRAWING TECHNIQUES

V. Ryan © 2001-2009

When you attempt a design project, especially if you are on the Graphic Products course, it is very important that you display a full range of graphic techniques. These techniques are divided into two areas; colouring techniques and drawing techniques. (Use techniques that are not listed if they are appropriate). Tick the columns on the right as you work through your project.

 

COLOURING TECHNIQUES
PENCILS

2H pencils - Use ordinary pencils to draw and sketch.
Colouring pencils - Use pencils to colour drawings and to draw the outline of designs.

CARD
Overlays/backing - Use card on top of card, you could glue together two different pieces of card and then place a design brief or something similar on the top. The card will be a backing.

Colour placed on card - Try shading card with a coloured pencil, use a dark colour of card and shade it with a light shade of pencil. Use the result to back text/writing.

Composite drawings - See the examples in class. Drawings constructed from different colours of card can be quite striking.

FELT PENS

Brush and fine line pens - see craft knife project
Brush and fine line pens - See pen project.

SHADING
Line shading - see cylinder examples.

Line Shading - see flat surface examples
Full shading - shade from dark to light, see examples

BLACK PEN - Use a fine black pen to draw designs.

PAINT
Try colour wash with water based paint.
Use an airbrush to spray paint on to the paper.

TRANSPARENCIES
Use OHP transparencies to build up a drawing.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Use a range of I.T. skills including; word processing and graphics software throughout your project.
 

 

DRAWING TECHNIQUES
Sketch with pencils.

Sketch with pens (black ink).

Use pictograms and graphs.

2D Drawings - front or side views.
3D Drawings - Isometric
- Oblique
- Single point perspective and  Estimated Perspective
- Two point perspective

Exploded Drawings - 

1. Exploded Views - 1

2. Exploded Views - 2

3. Exploded Views - 3

4. Exploded Views - 4

draw designs that are ‘in bits’, or ‘taken apart’ so that all the parts of the design can be seen easily.

Sectioned views - Draw a sectional view of an idea or solution.

Working Drawing - draw the front. side and plan elevations of the final solution.

Use a range of lettering styles

Always add plenty of notes to all your drawings / pictures, including collected research.

Dynamic presentations - produce drawings that have parts that move e.g. ‘pop-up card’ designs or parts that rotate.

Modelling - produce models of selected designs.

Produce a final model of your chosen solution. This must look realistic and be well made.

Sample Models

Card Based Models

Architectural Models

Computer Generated Models

Computer Generated Systems Model (Spreadsheets)


HAVE YOU INCLUDED COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN ?
 

 
 

 

 

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