CORE TECHNICAL PRINCIPLES
AND
MATHEMATICS IN DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY
V.Ryan © 2017
 

UPDATED VERSION (2/8/17) - SPECIFICATION DIRECT LINKS TO www.technologystudent.com

I have tried to follow the AQA gcse specification, although I have got to admit, I found it extremely repetitive.

Anything in red is work I still have to do/add to www.technologystudent.com

Practical Activities / Projects have been included in some sections, although there is much more to be done on this, over the coming weeks.

I will be adding more video links and projects and I will looking at emphaising the difference between workshop based techniques and commercial techniques.

The overall format needs reviewing and I will be considering this in the weeks to come.

The original numbering from www.technologystudent.com has been kept for the moment. This is why the numbers are not always in sequence.

 
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PDF FILE - MATHEMATICS IN DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY
This is a detailed booklet and includes numerous mathematical exercises based on the requirements of the new GCSE Design and Technology qualification.

 
NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
 
INDUSTRY    
The impact of new and emerging technologies on:    

The design and organisation of the workplace including automation and the use of robotics

Crowd Funding, Fair Trade and Cooperatives

 

Use the following links to investigate how emerging technology that is impacting on modern day manufacturing and production.

1. Enterprise: Crowdfunding, Fairtrade and Cooperatives
2. Revision Cards - Crowdfunding, Fairtrade and Cooperatives
 
 
14. CIM - Computer Integrated Manufacture - 1
15. CIM - Computer Integrated Manufacture - 2

PDF FILE - POSTER - CIM

19. Flexible Manufacturing Systems - FMS - 1
20. Flexible Manufacturing Systems - FMS - 2
21. Detailed Example of Flexible Manufacturing - CD / DVD Manufacture
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURE
 
16. Remote Manufacturing
PDF FILE - POSTER - REMOTE MANUFACTURING

 

ICT IN DESIGN, MARKETING, MANUFACTURING AND DISTRIBUTION
 
1. ICT in Marketing, Business and Industry - Starter
2. ICT as a Marketing Tool
3. Barcodes in Manufacturing, Distribution and Supply
4. QR Codes (Quick Response Codes)
PDF FILE - EXAMINATION QUESTION - ICT and Manufacturing, Marketing and Supply - Examination Question
 
5. Information Communication Technology - Developing and Modelling Ideas
 
REVISION CARDS - Barcodes
REVISION CARDS - Computer Aided Design and Computer Aided Manufacture

 

 

Buildings and the place of work.

The physical layout of buildings and production lines

 

The increase in use of ICT has made manufacturing 'global'

Manufacturers need to plan production carefully, as it may take place over several countries. The physical layout to factories is another very important consideration.

Globalisation, Design and Manufacturing
Example of Globalisation of Design and Manufacture
Globalisation - Revision Cards
PDF FILE - POSTER - GLOBALISATION

Use the following links to investigate the layout of a production line and a Computer Integrated Manufacturing factory.

http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes1/prodline1.html
http://www.technologystudent.com/rmprp07/intman1.html

SCHOOL BASED EXERCISE - PRODUCTION LINE
http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes1/prodqs1.html


Tools and Equipment

Use the links opposite to explore two major, manufacturing processes

 
3D MODELLING - RAPID PROTOTYPING
1. Rapid Prototyping - The 3D Printer - Page One
2. Rapid Prototyping - The 3D Printer - Page Two
3. Manufacturing a Model with the 3D Printer
4. More Advantages of a 3D Modelling and Questions
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET - RAPID PROTOTYPING
 
5. Filament Spool 3D Printers
6. Exporting STL files from CAD Software
 
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM POSTER - 3D PRINTER
 
LASER CUTTING / ETCHING MACHINES
1. Laser Cutting / Etching Machines - 1
2. Laser Cutting / Etching Machines - 2
3. From Design to Manufacture
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON LASER CUTTERS
     
ENTERPRISE    
Enterprise based on the development of an effective business innovation:
   
TO BE ADDED TO www.technologystudent.com:
Crowd funding
Virtual marketing and retail
Co-operatives
Fair trade
.
 

MORE TO BE ADDED SOON

1. Enterprise: Crowdfunding, Fairtrade and Cooperatives
2. Revision Cards - Crowdfunding, Fairtrade and Cooperatives
 
E-COMMERCE
 
1. What is E-Commerce?
2. Traditional Shopping - Retail and Shopping
3. Electronic Data Interchange
4. E-Commerce and EDI - REVISION CARDS

 

     
SUSTAINABILITY    

The impact of resource consumption on the planet:


Finite


Non–finite


Disposal of waste.

 

Carbon Footprint

 

Finite Resources - Resources that will eventually run out, e.g. oil.

1. Plastics, Fuels and Chemicals from Crude Oil 
  2. The Oil Refinery and Distillation Tower 
3. The Manufacture and Nature of Plastics
  4. Crude Oil to Fuels and Plastics - Summary Diagram 
  REVISION CARDS - Oil to Plastics

SEE THE ENERGY GENERATION AND STORAGE
FOR MUCH MORE ON OIL AND NATURAL GAS


Non-Finite Resources - Resources that will not run out if managed correctly, e.g. natural wood, as trees / forests can be replaneted.

1. World Distribution of Natural Woods
2. World Map - Distribution of Forests and Woodlands
15. What is a Sustainable Forest?
16. Sustainability Questions
Revision Cards - Sustainable Design and Sustainable Materials

BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS

8. Renewable and Environmentally Friendly Polylactide 
 9. Polylactide - Life Cycle 
 10. Polylactide - Examination Question 
 PDF FILE - POSTER - POLYLACTIDE 
   
 11. Biopol - Environmentally Friendly Plastic 
 12. Life Cycle of Biopol 
 REVISION CARDS - BIOPOL

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT - LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT

6. The Life Cycle of a Product
7. The Life Cycle of Natural Wood
 
8. Life Cycle Energy Analysis
13. Environmental Modenism (Ecological Modernism)
14. Revision Cards - Environmental Modernism
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - Product Life Cycle
 
REVISION CARDS - Product Life Cycle
REVISION CARDS - Life Cycle Energy Analysis
REVISION CARDS - Life Cycle Assessment

DISPOSAL OF WASTE TO BE ADDED SOON
 
1. Manufacturing Products and Reducing Waste
2. Manufacturing Products and Reducing Waste - Using Accurate Templates
3. Dealing with Waste - Reuse / Recycle
4. Training / Educating Staff about the Importance of Reducing Waste

TECHNOLOGIES AND ATTITUDES TO MANUFACTURING THAT HAVE A POSITIVE IMPACT:
 
13. Environmental Modenism (Ecological Modernism)
14. Revision Cards - Environmental Modernism
9. Closed Loop Recycling
10. Closed Loop Recycling - Example Product
11. Recycling - Upcycling
12. Recycling - Downcycling

CONTINIOUS IMPROVEMENT

17. Continuous Improvement (CI) - Page 1 
 18. Continuous Improvement (CI) - Page 2

 

CARBON FOOTPRINT
 
1. Our Carbon Footprint
2.How we all add to our Carbon Footprint
3. How Can we reduce our Carbon Footprint? - 1
4. How can we reduce our Carbon Footprint? - 2
5. Carbon Reduction Labels/Symbols - 1
6. Carbon Reduction Label/Symbol - 2
7. Rich Picture - Reducing our Carbon Footprint

6. Carbon Reduction Labels/Symbols - 1

7. Carbon Reduction Labels/Symbols - 2

 

     
PEOPLE    

How technology push/market pull affects choice.

Inclusive Design

People and ICT

 
TECHNOLOGY PUSH / PULL
 
What is the Technology Push Model of Product Development?
What is Market Pull?
Technology Push, Market Pull - REVISION CARDS

INCLUSIVE DESIGN TO BE ADDED SOON

ICT IN THE WORKPLACE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE CONSUMER
 
1. ICT in Marketing, Business and Industry - Starter
2. ICT as a Marketing Tool
3. Barcodes in Manufacturing, Distribution and Supply
4. QR Codes (Quick Response Codes)
PDF FILE - EXAMINATION QUESTION - ICT and Manufacturing, Marketing and Supply - Examination Question
Changing job roles due to the emergence of new ways of working driven by technological change.  
PDF FILE - WORK ROLE STARTER 1
 PDF FILE - WORK ROLE STARTER 2
 
16. Remote Manufacturing
PDF FILE - POSTER - REMOTE MANUFACTURING

10. Continuous Production - Example 1
11. Continuous Production - Example 2
REVISION CARDS - Continuous Production
PDF FILE - POSTER - CONTINUOUS MANUFACTURE
     
CULTURE    

Changes in fashion and trends in relation to new and emergent technologies.
Respecting people of different faiths and beliefs.

How culture affects design and consumer choice

 

2. Colours, Feelings, Emotions and Atmosphere

3. Colour - Moods and Emotions

4. Colours and Cultures (Buildings)

5. Art Deco - 1

6. Art Deco - 2

7. Colours and Cultures (Countries)

8. Colours and Selling Products

RELIGIONS AND BELIEF SYSTEMS TO BE ADDED SOON

BRAND IDENTITY AND TRENDS
 
1. Brand Identity - an Introduction
2. Characteristics of a Brand
3. Brand Identity - Symbols and Logos
REVISION CARDS - Brands
 
PDF FILE - POSTER - BRANDS
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - Brand Identity - What is a Trend? - Planned Obsolescence - Perceived Obsolescence
 
2. Revision Cards - What is a Trend?
 

 

 

     
SOCIETY    

How products are designed and made to avoid having a negative impact on others:


Design for disabled, elderly and different religious groups.

 

INCLUSIVE DESIGN TO BE ADDED SOON

1. The Materials Economy
2. Revision Cards - The Materials Economy
 
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND THE DESIGNER
(THE CAR INDUSTRY)
 
1. Environmental Issues and the Development of a Product - the Car
2. The Features / Functions of a Product (the Car) - Environmental Factors
3. The Use of Raw Materials - Environmental Factors and Recycling
4. How Product Life Cycle Influences the Design and Manufacture of a Car
5. How Environmental Factors Influence Manufacturing Processes.
 
PDF FILE - ADVANCED EXAMINATION QUESTION
 
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND MANUFACTURERS, RETAILERS (INCLUDING SUPERMARKETS) AND CUSTOMERS
 
1. Manufacturers / Retailer, Environmental Issues and Customers
 
SUPERMARKETS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
 
2. How Supermarkets Encourage Customers to Reduce Waste and to Help Protect the Environment - 1
3. Biodegradable and Recyclable Plastics and Supermarkets
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE QUESTION ON SUPERMARKETS, THE ENVIRONMENT AND CUSTOMERS
4. Environmental Symbols - Question
5. Product Development and the Environment - CD Players and MP3 Players
 
REVISION CARDS - Customers and Environmental Issues 1
REVISION CARS - The Environment and Customers - 2
REVISION CARDS - Products, The Environment, Supermarkets And Distribution
REVISION CARDS - THREE Rs
 
TO BE ADDED SOON - DESIGN FOR DISABLED, ELDERLY AND DIFFERENT RELIGIOUS GROUPS.
 
PRODUCTS WITH 'BUILT IN' ADJUSTMENT
1. Adjustable Products
Adjustable Products  -  Revision Cards
 
     
ENVIRONMENT    
Positive and negative impacts new products have on the environment:
Continuous improvement, efficient working, pollution, global warming.
 

See above (SOCIETY SECTION)

17. Continuous Improvement (CI) - Page 1
18. Continuous Improvement (CI) - Page 2
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT
 

15. The Ozone Layer - Background and Symbol Design

 
IN ADDITION - SEE CARBON FOOTPRINT IN THE SUSTAINABILITY SECTION (ABOVE)
     
PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES AND SYSTEMS    

The contemporary and potential future use of:
automation.

Computer aided design (CAD)
Computer aided manufacture (CAM)
Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS)
Just in time (JIT)
Lean manufacturing.

 

5. Information Communication Technology - Developing and Modelling Ideas

3. What does CNC mean?

REVISION CARDS - Computer Aided Design and Computer Aided Manufacture

7. The Designer and Computer Aided Design (CAD)
Computer Generated Models

22. Just in Time
REVISION CARDS - Just in Time
PDF FILE - POSTER - JUST IN TIME

19. Flexible Manufacturing Systems - FMS - 1

20. Flexible Manufacturing Systems - FMS - 2

21. Detailed Example of Flexible Manufacturing - CD / DVD Manufacture

PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURE
 
14. CIM - Computer Integrated Manufacture - 1
15. CIM - Computer Integrated Manufacture - 2
PDF FILE - POSTER - CIM

TO BE ADDED - LEAN MANUFACTURE

     
HOW THE CRITICAL EVALUATION OF NEW AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES INFORMS DESIGN DECISIONS    

That it is important to consider scenarios from different perspectives and considering:

Planned obsolescence
Design for maintenance
Ethics
The environment.

 
What is Planned Obsolescence?
What is Perceived Obsolescence?
REVISION CARDS - Planned Obsolescence
REVISION CARDS - Perceived Obsolescence
 

 

MORALS, ETHICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING
EXTENSIVE PDF FILE - MORALS, ETHICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL

 

SEE "ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND MANUFACTURERS, RETAILERS (INCLUDING SUPERMARKETS) AND CUSTOMERS" IN THE SOCIETY SECTION (ABOVE)

STANDARD COMPONENTS
1. What is a Standard Component? 
2. Why use Standard Components when Designing and Manufacturing?
3. The Construction Industry and Standard Components
4. Complex Standard Components
5. Historical Development of Standard Components - Advantages of Standard Components

3. Factors that Affect Product Development
6. The Life Cycle of a Product

9. Closed Loop Recycling
10. Closed Loop Recycling - Example Product
11. Recycling - Upcycling
12. Recycling - Downcycling
     
ENERGY GENERATION AND STORAGE   Understand how energy is generated and stored and how this is used as the basis for the selection of products and power systems.

 

   

FOSSIL FUELS
How power is generated from:
Coal, Gas and Oil.

Arguments for and against the selection of fossil fuels.

 

 

FOSSIL FUELS
PDF FILE - POSTER FROM COAL TO ELECTRICITY
 
1. Fossil Fuels - Coal
2. From Coal Mine to Electricity
3. Pollution Caused by Coal Fired Power Stations AND the Advantages of Coal Fired Power Stations

 

PDF FILE - POSTER CRUDE OIL TO ELECTRICITY
PDF FILE - NATURAL GAS TO ELECTRICITY
 
1. Where does Oil and Gas come from? Advantages and Disadvantages
2. Extraction of Crude Oil and Natural Gas - to Refining
3. Plastics, Fuels and Chemicals from Crude Oil
4. The Oil Refinery and Distillation Tower

 

GAS AND OIL TO BE ADDED SOON

     
NUCLEAR POWER    

How nuclear power is generated.


Arguments for and against the selection of nuclear power.

 
PDF FILE - POSTER - NUCLEAR POWER STATION
 

1. Nuclear Power Generation (Including arguments for and against)

2. The Storage of Radioactive Waste Produced by Nuclear Power Stations

     
RENEWABLE ENERGY    

How power is generated from:
Wind, Solar, Tidal, Hydro-electrical, Biomass.

Arguments for and against the selection of renewable energy.

 

 
SOLAR POWER
 
1. Solar Power - An Introduction
2. Solar Power - A Basic Heat Exchanger
3. Solar Power - Parabolic Solar Collectors
4. The Odeillo-Font-Romeau Solar Furnace
5. What is Photovoltaics?
6. Practical Examples of Photovoltaics
7.Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy
 
8. Solar Powered Cars
9. Making a Model Solar Powered Car - Page One
10. Making a Model Solar Powered Car - Page Two
11. Basic Construction of the Model Car
12. Sequence Drawing of Making Solar Powered Model Car
13. More Solar Powered Devices
 
14. Revision Cards - Solar Power
 
15. The Ozone Layer - Background and Symbol Design
 
WIND POWER
 
1. How the Air Moves to Form Winds
2. The History of Wind Power - 1
3. The History of Wind Power - 2
4. The History of Wind Power - 3
5. The History of Wind Power - 4
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET
 
 
6. Wind Power on Land
7. Wind Power at Sea
8. The Scale of Modern Wind Turbines
9. Sample Photographs of Wind Powered Electricity Generators
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET - GENERAL QUESTIONS ON WIND POWER
 
10. Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind Power
 
SEA / TIDAL POWER
 
1. Sea Power - Tidal Power 1
2.The Proposed Bristol Channel Tidal Power Scheme
3. Sea Dams - The Rance Estuary Tidal Power Scheme
4. Off Shore Turbine Systems
 
WAVE POWER
 
5. Power from Waves - 1
6.Power from Waves - 2
7. Power from Waves - the Salter Duck
8. Coastal Defences and Electricity Generation
9. The Electricity Generating Sea Buoy
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON WAVE POWER
     
ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS INCLUDING BATTERIES
Kinetic pumped storage systems. Alkaline and re-chargeable batteries.  

 

1. Mechanical Systems - Springs
2. Springs
3. Pneumatics
4. Hydraulics
5. Flywheels
6. Batteries - Disposable and Rechargeable and Wind-up Devices


1. Batteries and LEDs  
  2. Button Batteries / Coin Cells - Simple Circuits
6. Static and Dynamic Loads and Mechanical Advantage
7. Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy

 

PDF FILE - POSTER HYDROELECTRICITY
 
1. Water Wheels
2. Building a Model Water Powered Generator
3. Hydroelectricity
4. Pump Storage Systems
5. Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydropower

 

     
DEVELOPMENTS IN NEW MATERIALS
MODERN MATERIALS    

Developments made through the invention of new or improved processes eg Graphene, Metal foams and Titanium.


Alterations to perform a particular function eg Coated metals, Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs) and Nanomaterials.

 
NANO MATERIALS 
 1. Nanomaterials - 1 
 2. Revision Cards - Nanomaterials

GRAPHENE, METAL FOAMS, TITANIUM, COATED METALS, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS TO ADD TO www.technologystudent.com

1. Modern Materials - Polymorph - Shaping by Hand
 2.Modern Materials - Polymorph - Using a Mould
 
CORN STARCH POLYMERS
8. Renewable and Environmentally Friendly Polylactide
 9. Polylactide - Life Cycle 
 10. Polylactide - Examination Question 
 PDF FILE - POSTER - POLYLACTIDE 
   
 11. Biopol - Environmentally Friendly Plastic 
 12. Life Cycle of Biopol 
 REVISION CARDS - BIOPOL

5. Modern Light Weight Modelling Materials

COMPLIANT MATERIALS 
 1. Compliant Materials - Examination Questions 
    
 GENERAL MATERIALS QUESTIONS 
 1. Materials, Metals and Polymers 1 
 2. Materials, Metals and Polymers 2
     
SMART MATERIALS    
That materials can have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimuli, such as stress, temperature, moisture, or PH eg shape memory alloys, thermochromic pigments and photochromic pigments  

 

SMART MATERIALS

6. Inks That Change After Contact With Water 
 7. Inks that change Colour with Temperature  
 8. Photochromic Inks 
 9. Photochromic Inks - Examination Question
10. Hydromorphic Polymers 
 11. Hydrocarbon Encapsulating Polymers 
 12. Aroma Pigments 
 13. Smart Materials - Phosphorescent Pigments 
 14. Revision Cards - Phosphorescent Pigments 
   
 15. Further Questions and Answers on Smart Materials 
    
 REVISION CARDS - Smart Materials
3. Smart Materials - Shape Memory Alloys - Page One  
  4. Smart Materials - Shape memory Alloys - Page Two

 

 

     
COMPOSITE MATERIALS    
That composite materials are produced by combining two or more different materials to create an enhanced material eg glass reinforced plastic (GRP) and carbonfibre reinforced plastic (CRP).  

 

COMPOSITE MATERIALS

1. Natural Woods 
 2. Concrete 
 3. Reinforced Concrete 
 4. Glass Reinforced Plastic
5. Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) 
 6. Examination Question - Carbon Fibre (CFRP) 
 7. Plywood 
 8. Laminated Veneers and Steam Bending 
    
 9. Kevlar - General Introduction 
 10. What is Kevlar? Types of Kevlar - Advantages and Disadvantages of Kevlar 
 PDF FILE - Click here for Printable Worksheet on Kevlar 
 11. Kevlar and Modern Cars 
 12. Automotive use of Kevlar - Summary 
   
 REVISION CARDS - Composite Materials - 1 
 REVISION CARDS - Composite Materials - 2 
   
 PDF FILE - POSTER - COMPOSITE MATERIALS 
 PDF FILE - COMPLETE SET OF QUALITY MATERIALS REVISION CARDS

 

TECHNICAL TEXTILES    
How fibres can be spun to make enhanced fabrics eg conductive fabrics, fire resistant fabrics, kevlar and microfibres incorporating micro encapsulation.   TO DO - CONDUCTIVE MATERIALS, FIRE RESISTANT FABRICS AND MICROFIBRES
     

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO DESIGNING
Consideration of electronic systems including programmable components to provide functionality to products and processes, and enhance and customise their operation

INPUTS    
The use of light sensors, temperature sensors, pressure sensors and switches.  

 

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO DESIGN AND PROBLEM SOLVING

Systems Approach to Designing and Problem Solving

2. Control Systems  
  3. Control Systems - An Example

3. Inputs and Outputs- Identification Question

1. Lesson Starter - PIC-Micro-controller 
 2. Sample Answer
1. Electronic Components and Symbols - 1  
  2. Electronic Components and Symbols - 2  
  3.Electronic Components and Symbols - 3  
  4. Symbols Summary Sheet

1. Lesson Starter - Electronic Components


INPUTS - SWITCHES
3. Switches -1  
4. Switches - 2
5. Switches - 3
 PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR SWITCHES / COMPONENTS WORKSHEET

INPUTS - LIGHT DEPENDENT RESISTORS
Light Dependent Resistors
25.Making a Light / Dark Sensor

26. Sequence Drawing - Light/Dark Sensor 
 27. LDR Examination Question - 1 
 28. LDR Examination Question - 2 
 29. LDR Examination Question - 3 
 30. Sensor Question - LDR

INPUTS - THE THERMISTOR
32. The Thermistor 
  33. Information Regarding Thermistor Circuits and Darlington Pairs  
  34. A Typical Temperature Sensor

OUTPUTS
1. LEDs

SIMPLE LED OUTPUT PROJECT AND HOME MADE INPUT SWITCH
Simple LED Torch Project - Rich Picture 
  Simple LED Torch - Design Problem and Brief 
  Simple LED Torch - Theme - Tropical Fish 
  Simple LED Torch - Torch Assembly 
  Simple LED Torch - Evaluation


FLASHING LED MEMOBOARD INPUT AND OUTPUT PROJECT
  Electronic Memo Board - Introduction 
  Electronic Memo Board - Rich Picture 
  Electronic Memo Board - Flashing LED Circuit 
  Electronic Memo Board - the Components 
  Electronic Memo Board - Circuit Diagram and Information Sheet 
  Electronic Memo Board - Circuit Layout 
  Design Problem and Brief for the Electronic Memo Board 
  Designing the Memo Board - 1 
  Evaluating the Electronic Memo Board


OUTPUTS - LAMPS
6. Incandescent Lamps (Bulbs) 1
7. Incandescent Lamps (Bulbs) 2

SIMPLE BUZZER - INPUT AND OUTPUT PROJECT
49. Steady Hand Game - Thyristor Circuit
PDF FILE - UPDATED STEADY HAND GAME AND RESOURCES

SPEAKER - AMPLIFIER KIT PROJECT WITH SPEAKER OUTPUT

  1. Amplifier Project (TBA 820M AMPLIFIER KIT) 
  2. TBA 820M Amplifier Kit  
  3. Casing Design - Amplifier Project 
  4. Speaker Holes - Writing Styles 
  5. Character / Stand Design 
  6. Manufacturing the Amplifier Casing 
  7. Manufacturing the Amplifier Casing - Sequence Drawing

 

     
PROCESSES    
The use of programming microcontrollers as counters, timers and for decision making, to provide functionality to products and processes.  

 

1. Analogue / Digital Systems

2. Control Systems  
  3. Control Systems - An Example

You may wish to select only one type of Microcontroller to study. Also, no need to study this section in all its detail. Start by studying the first link to each of the subsections. You may only need to study the basics on each of the systems explained below.

GENIE PIC MICROCONTROLLERS AND CIRCUIT WIZARD SOFTWARE 
    
  THE GENIE E18 PIC MICROCONTROLER 
  1. What is a PIC Microcontroller? What can it do?  
  2. Typical Layout to the GENIE E18 PIC Microcontroller 
  3. Adding Sensors to the Genie E18 Microcontroller - Light/Dark Sensor 
  4. Adding Sensors to the Genie E18 Microcontroller - Temperature Sensor 
  5. A Typical School PIC Microcontroller Project 
  6. The GENIE E18 Project Board 
  7. Circuit Wizard - Various Views of Circuits (GENIE E18 Project Board) 
  8. Alternative Layout - GENIE E18 PCB 
  9. Basic Circuit and Components - GENIE E18 Microcontroller 
    
  ANALOGUE INPUTS 
  10. Using Analogue Input - Light Dependent Resistor 
  11. Using Analogue Input - Potentiometer / Variable Resistor 
  12. Using Analogue Input - Thermistor 
  PDF FILE - PRINTABLE WORKSHEET - ANALOGUE SENSORS 
    
  THE GENIE C08 PIC MICROCONTROLLER 
  1. The GENIE CO8 Microcontroller Project Board 
  2. Basic Layout - Genie C08 PIC Microcontroller 
  3. The GENIE C08 - in Operation 
    
  4. Available GENIE PIC Microcontrollers 
    
   PICAXE MICROCONTROLLERS 
    
  PICAXE-08 MICROCONTROLLER 
  1. The PICAXE-08 Microcontroller Integrated Circuit  
  2. The PICAXE-08 Project Board  
  3. Input, Process, Output - The PICAXE-08 Microcontroller  
  4. Using the Jumper Switch of the PICAXE-08 Microcontroller  
  5.Connecting the PICAXE-08 Microcontroller to other Components - 1  
  6. Connecting the PICAXE-08 microcontroller to other Components - 2  
  7. Programming a PICAXE-08 with Crocodile Technology®  
  8. Adding a Sensor to a PICAXE-08 Circuit  
    
  PICAXE-18 MICROCONTROLLER 
  1. The PICAXE-18 Microcontroller and Pin Layout  
  2. The PICAXE-18 Microcontroller - Basic Operation  
  3. ThePICAXE-18 Microcontroller, Driver Chip and Sensors  
  4. The PICAXE-18 Microcontroller and Transducer Module  
  5. Alternative Layout to PICAXE -18  
  6. Programming the PICAXE Microcontroller with Crocodile Technology Software®  
  7. Basic PIC Micro-controller Projects with Smart Materials  
  8. PICAXE-18 Question Sheet 
  9. Mechanisms / PIC-microcontroller Examination Question

 

TIMERS - MONOSTABLE/ASTABLE
 
THE 555 INTEGRATED TIMER
  1. The 555 Integrated Circuit (Timer) - a Simple Explanation  
  2. The 555 IC as an ASTABLE Circuit  
  3. The 555 IC as a MONOSTABLE Circuit    4. 555 MONOSTABLE Examples  
  5. The MONOSTABLE Circuit in more detail  
  6. Animation 1 -  555 Timer Circuit - Frames Created by Crocodile Technology 3D  
  7. Animation 2 - 555 Timer Circuit - Frames Created by Crocodile Technology 3D  
    
  8. Monostable Timer Examination Questions - 1  
  9. Monostable Timer Examination Questions - 2  
    
  10. ASTABLE 555 Breadboard Project  
  11. 555 ASTABLE Examples  
  12. The ASTABLE Circuit in more detail

 

COUNTERS - THE 4017B DECADE COUNTER
  1. How the 4017B decade Counter Works  
  2. Adding a Motor and a Solenoid to the 4017B Decade Counter

 

 
MECHANICAL SYSTEMS
Different types of movement    
The functions of mechanical devices to produce linear, rotary, reciprocating and oscillating movements.   TO BE ADDED SOON TO www.technologystudent.com
     
CHANGING MAGNITUDE AND DIRECTION OF FORCE    
Levers:
First order
Second order
Third order Linkages:
Bell cranks
Push/pull.Rotary systems:
CAMs and followers
Simple gear trains
Pulleys and belts.
 

FORCES, LEVERS, CENTRE OF GRAVITY

8. Classes of Lever
9. Moments of Force and Example Questions (Two Pages)
10. Centre of Gravity, Centre of Rotation
11. PROJECT - Balancing Toys / Executive Toys

 

Lesson Starter - Mechanisms
 Lesson Starter - Mechanism, Forces and Movement

CAMS

VIDEO - WHAT ARE CAMS?

1. Cams - Definition, Profiles and Followers
2. Simple Example and Detailed Profiles
3. A Practical Example - Eccentric Cam
4. The Snail / Drop Cam
5. Swash Plate Cams
6. Box Cams
7. Flat Plate Cam
8. The Cylindrical Cam
9. Example cams and questions
10. More Cam Questions
 
Click Here for Videos of a Selection of Cams

MECHANICAL TOY PROJECT

Video of CAM Toy Project
 
11. Example Toys
12. Cam Toy Exercise - Problem and Brief 13. Cam Toy Exercise 14. Cam Toy - Working Drawing 15. Cam Toy - Sequence Drawing
16. Cam Toy Mechanisms - Common Faults
17. Mechanical Toy - Evaluation Exercise 1 18. Evaluation - Sheet Layout
  19. Toy Museum - Munich, Germany
20. A Mechanical Toy
21. Another Mechanical Toy

LINKAGES, CRANKS AND CRANK SHAFTS

Video - Linkages and Practical Applications
 
1. Linkage Mechanisms
2. Bicycle Linkage Mechanism
3. Tool Box Linkage Mechanism 4. Linkage Questions
 
 
MORE MECHANISMS
Video - Cranks, Ratchets, Quick Return Mechanisms
 
1. The Quick Return Mechanism
2. The Shaping Machine and it's Mechanism
3. The Crank and Slider Mechanism

4. Ratchet Mechanisms

5. Cranks and Crank Shafts

SPRINGS
1. Springs
2. Spring Question

Mechanisms Exam Questions - 1
Mechanisms Exam Question - 2
Mechanisms Exam Question - 3 Mechanisms / PIC Microcontroller Exam Question - 4

 

You should study simple gear trains to satisfy the course requirements. Howeevr, more detailed links have been added below, if you feel there is a need extend your own learning. A series of maths based questions and answers are also included, although these are unlikely to appear in the examination (according to the sample paper).

GEARS, GEAR TRAINS AND COMPOUND GEARS

Video - What are Gears?

1. Spur Gears and Simple Gear Trains.
2. More Detail Regarding Gears
3. Gear Trains, Idlers and drawing gears
4. Compound Gears
5. Rack and Pinion Gear Systems
6. Rack and Pinion Example
PDF FILECLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE RACK AND PINION WORKSHEET
 
7. Bevel Gears
8. Gear Ratios (Velocity Ratio) - The Basics
9. Gear Wheels (Sprockets) and Chains
10. Worms and Wormwheels
11. Gears - A Practical Exercise
12. Gear Models - Simple Gear Trains
13. Gear Models - Rack and Pinion

GEARS - EXAMINATION QUESTIONS

1. Working Out Gear Ratio (Velocity Ratio)
2. Working Out Revolutions Per Minute (RPM)
3. Working Out Ratio and RPM of Systems Composed of Three Gears
4. Working out the RPM of Compound Gears
5. Rack and Pinion Question
6. Gear Train (including compound gear)
7. Worm Gear Exam Question
8. Rack and Pinion Examination Question - Steering System
9. Sample Answer - Steering System
10. Rack and Pinion Examination Question - Fork Lift Truck
11. Sample Answer - Fork Lift Truck
12. Pulley /Gear Examination Question
13. Pulley / Circuit / Switches Examination Question
14. Gears Examination Questions - 1
15. Gears Examinations Questions - 2

PULLEY SYSTEMS AND EXAMINATION QUESTIONS

1. Pulley Systems - General Introduction
2. Pulley Systems - Velocity Ratio and RPM - 1
3. Pulley Systems - Velocity Ratio and RPM - 2
4. Pulley Systems - Velocity Ratio and RPM - 3
5. Pulley Systems - Reversing Direction of Rotation
 
6. Pulleys and Lifting - Important Formulas
7. Pulleys and Lifting -1
8. Pulleys and Lifting - 2
9. Pulleys and Lifting - 3
10. Pulleys and Lifting - 4
11. Pulleys and Lifting - 5
12. Pulleys and Lifting - Exam Question

PRACTICAL PROJECT - WITH LINKS TO ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

1. Energy Production - Lesson Starter 1
2. Energy Production and Environmental Damage
3. Conventional or Alternative Energy ?
4. The Generation of Electrical Power - Exercise
5. Energy Production - Rich Picture
6. History of Wind Power - Lesson Starter
7. Building a Wind Powered Generator
8. Making a Wind Powered Device
9. More on Wind Powered Devices
10. Wind Power Project - Further Mechanisms
11. Working Drawing / Orthographic Drawing
12. Evaluation of Wind Powered Device (Individual)
13. Evaluation - Wind Powered Device - Summary
14. Class Evaluation - Wind Powered Device
15. Designing a Promotional Leaflet - Wind Power
16. Further Questions
17. Wind Power Project Wordsearch

 

 

     
MATERIALS AND THEIR WORKING PROPERTIES
The categorisation of the types and properties of the following materials.
     
PAPERS AND BOARDS    

Papers including:

Bleed proof - TO ADD
Cartridge paper
Grid - TO ADD
Layout paper - TO ADD

Tracing paperboards including:

Corrugated card
Duplex board
Foil lined board
Foam core board
Injet Card - TO ADD
Solid White Board

 

PAPER AND BOARDS

2. How Paper and Card are Manufactured
3. Materials for Packaging - Paper and Card
4. More Materials for Packaging
5. Corrugated Card
6. Corrugated Plastic (Polypropylene
) Video - Laminated Card
7. Laminated Card
8. Laminated Card - Examination Question

5. Modern Light Weight Modelling Materias - DEPRON FOAM and ZEPRON FOAM

PROJECT - ENCOURAGING CHILDREN TO DEVELOP AN INTEREST
IN THE ENVIRONMENT AND TO GROW THEIR OWN
FRUIT AND VEGETABLES

1. Rich Picture - Encouraging Children to Develop an Interest in the Environment
2. Design Brief and Idea 1
3. Fruit And Vegetables - Healthy Eating - Symbol
4. Fruity Snacks - Writing Styles
5. Seed Packaging Isometric Drawing
6. Estimated Two Point Perspective Drawing - Seed Box
7. Idea 2 - Seed Box
8. Selected Idea for Seed Box Design
9. Drawing with Grids - Fruity Snack Container
10. Orthographic Drawing - Fruity Snack and Seed Packaging

IMPORTANT The following link takes you to the entire graphics section of www.technologystudent.com. The bottom half of this section has a series of examination based 'graphics' projects, mainly based on paper and card.
http://www.technologystudent.com/designpro/drawdex.htm

 

 

     
NATURAL AND MANUFACTURED TIMBERS    

An overview of the main categories and types of natural and manufactured timbers:

Hardwoods including:
Ash
Beech
Mahogany
Oak
Balsa

Softwoods including:
Larch
Pine
Spruce

Manufactured boards including:
Medium density fibreboard (MDF)
Plywood
Chipboard.

 

There is only a need to study the materials listed opposite. More detail has been added so that you can extend your own knowledge of this interesting area.

1. An Introduction to Materials

12. Natural Woods  
13. Manmade Boards
 14. Flexi Ply, a Flexible Form of Plywood

17. Natural Woods in Detail  
 18. Manmade Boards and Natural Woods Questions 
 19. Natural Woods and Man Made Boards Question

1. World Distribution of Natural Woods 
  2. World Map - Distribution of Forests and Woodlands

Video - World Distribution of Natural Woods / Forests

10. Stock Forms - Woods 
  Stock Forms - REVISION CARDS

PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - What are Hard Woods?
  PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - What are Softwoods?
  PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - What are Compliant Materials / Manmade Boards?
  
  REVISION CARDS - Hardwoods 
  REVISION CARDS - Softwoods 
  REVISION CARDS - Manmade Boards

 

     
METALS AND ALLOYS    

An overview of the main categories and types of metals and alloys:

Ferrous Metals including:

Low carbon steel
Cast Iron
High carbon/tool steel

Non Ferrous Metals including:
Aluminum
Copper
Tin

Zinc Alloys including:

Brass
Stainless steel
High speed steel.

 

 
6. Metals
7. Alloys
12. Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Question 
  13. Metals and Properties Questions

REVISION CARDS - Ferrous Metals 
  REVISION CARDS - Ferrous Metals - Simple Version 
REVISION CARDS - Non-Ferrous Metals

 

 

 

 

     
POLYMERS
An overview of the main categories and types of polymers

   

Thermoforming including:

Acrylic (PMMA)
High impact polystyrene (HIPS
High density polythene (HDPE)
Polypropylene (PP)
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)

Thermosetting including:

Epoxy resin (ER)
Melamine-formaldehyde (MF)
Phenol formaldehyde (PF)
Polyester resin (PR)
Urea–formaldehyde (UF).

 
3. The Manufacture and Nature of Plastics  
 4. Crude Oil to Fuels and Plastics - Summary Diagram 
 REVISION CARDS - Oil to Plastics

5. Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPEs) 
  6. Properties of Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPEs) 
  7. Examination Question - Thermoplastic Elastomers

SEE THE SUSTAINABILITY SECTION FOR ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS.

14. Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET / PETE (Polyester) 
  15. Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET / PETE - Examination Question 
  16. Vacuum Forming PETE Packaging - Examination Question

20. Low Density Polyethylene Questions

27. Nylon (Polyamide) - An Introduction 
    28. What is Nylon and how it is Manufactured ? 
29. Revision Cards - Nylon
 
    
  30. Polyurethane and Foam Rubber 
  31. Polyurethane - Formula and Sample Products 
  32. Revision Cards - Polyurethane and Foam Rubber

 

 

 

 

 

     
TEXTILES    

An overview of the main categories and types of textiles:

Natural Fibres including:

Cotton
Wool
Silk

Synthetic Fibres including:

Polyester
Polyamide (nylon)
Elastane (lycra)

Blended and Mixed Fibres including:

Cotton/polyesterwoven including:
Plain weavenon-woven including:
Bonded fabrics
Felted fabrics

Knitted Textiles including:

Knitted fabrics.

 

WORK TO BE ADDED TO THIS SECTION - WHEN www.technologystudent.com IS UPDATED

27. Nylon (Polyamide) - An Introduction 

28. What is Nylon and how it is Manufactured ? 

29. Revision Cards - Nylon 

 

     
MATERIAL PROPERTIES    

Know and understand physical properties such as:

TO BE ADDED TO www.technologystudent.com:
Absorbency (resistance to moisture)
Density
Fusibility

Electrical and thermal conductivity.

Know and understand working properties such as:
Strength
Hardness
Toughness
Malleability
Ductility and Elasticity.

 

 

PROPETIES OF MATERIALS

Video - Propertes of Materials

1. Properties of Materials - 1 
2.Properties of Materials - 2
  3. Properties of Materials - Questions 1 
  4. Properties of Materials - Questions 2

PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS - WORKSHOP TESTING

1. Materials - Hardness Testing 
  2. Tensile Strength and Elasticity Testing 
  3. Conductivity, Ductility and Malleability  
  4. Toughness Testing of Materials 
  PDF FILE - MATERIALS TESTING EXAMINATION QUESTION
   
  5. Testing Materials in Industry

A PRACTICAL APPROACH - CLASS ACTIVITY
http://www.technologystudent.com/despro_flsh/matsres1.html

 

     

SPECIALIST TECHNICAL PRINCIPLES
Develop an in-depth knowledge and understanding of the following specialist technical principles

FORCES AND STRESSES

REINFORCEMENT

TRIANGULATION

 

FORCES AND STRESSES

1. Different Types of Forces
2. Struts and Ties
3. Structural Forces
4. More Forces in Action
5. Even More Forces In Action
6. Static and Dynamic Loads and Mechanical Advantage
7. Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy

REINFORCEMENT

2. Concrete 
  3. Reinforced Concrete 
  4. Glass Reinforced Plastic
5. Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) 
  6. Examination Question - Carbon Fibre (CFRP) 
 
 
    
  9. Kevlar - General Introduction 
  10. What is Kevlar? Types of Kevlar - Advantages and Disadvantages of Kevlar 
  PDF FILE - Click here for Printable Worksheet on Kevlar 
  11. Kevlar and Modern Cars 
  12. Automotive use of Kevlar - Summary 
   
  REVISION CARDS - Composite Materials - 1 
  REVISION CARDS - Composite Materials - 2 
   
  PDF FILE - POSTER - COMPOSITE MATERIALS

LAMINATING MATERIALS
7. Plywood 
  8. Laminated Veneers and Steam Bending 

5. Corrugated Card
6. Corrugated Plastic (Polypropylene)

TRIANGULATION

33. Examples of Triangulation  
  34. Triangulation Continued  
  35. A Triangulated Conventional Roof
 
  PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR A WORKSHEET ON TRIANGULATION 
 
PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES
MAKING A STRAW BRIDGE - FREE HAND (NO JIG) 
  31. Making a Freehand Straw Bridge - No Jig 
  32. Testing the Freehand Straw Bridge 
 
     TOWER
  36. Designing a Model Tower 
37. Making a Model Tower  
 
OTHER WAYS OF STRENGTHENING/REINFORCING 
  38. Frames  
  39. Sections and Beams

NETS / DEVELOPMENTS
10. The Self Locking Package
11. Hexagonal Packages
12. Gift Box with Integral Handle
13. Gift Box - Small Scale
14. Packaging Exam Question - 1

 

     

 

ECOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL FOOTPRINT

 

 

SEE CARBON FOOTPRINT IN THE SUSTAINABILITY SECTION

Social, Ethical and Moral Issues - an extensive PDF download. This includes class activities, group work, key fact cards, discussion mats etc..... Can also be used for A Level

13. Environmental Modenism (Ecological Modernism)
14. Revision Cards - Environmental Modernism
 
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - The Three Rs, Recycling, Upcycling, Downcycling, Product Lifecycle, Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability

RECYCLING
Video - Various Forms of Recycling

9. Closed Loop Recycling
10. Closed Loop Recycling - Example Product
11. Recycling - Upcycling
12. Recycling - Downcycling

 

     
SCALES OF PRODUCTION  

 

PDF FILE - INFO POSTERS OF SCALES OF PRODUCTION
PDF FILE - WORK ROLE STARTER 1
PDF FILE - WORK ROLE STARTER 2
 
1. The Client /Customer
2. What is a Production Line?
3. Introduction to Industrial Production Techniques
4. Scales of Production - an Introduction
 
5. Single Item / Prototype Production - Example 1
6. Single Item / Prototype Production - Example 2
REVISION CARDS - Single Item/Prototype Production
PDF FILE - POSTER - SINGLE ITEM PRODUCTION
 
7. Batch Production - Example 1
8. Batch Production - Example

Video - Batch Production of CDs/DVDs

9. Batch Production Exercise
REVISION CARDS - Batch Production
PDF FILE - POSTER - BATCH PRODUCTION
 
10. Continuous Production - Example 1
11. Continuous Production - Example 2
REVISION CARDS - Continuous Production
PDF FILE - POSTER - CONTINUOUS MANUFACTURE
 
12. Production Methods - Lesson Starter
  13. A Series of Examination Questions related to Mass Production in a School Workshop

PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES

13. Series of Examination Questions related to Mass Production in a School Workshop

10. Continuous Production - Example 1 
  11. Continuous Production - Example 2 
  12. Production Methods - Lesson Starter 
  REVISION CARDS - Continuous Production 
  PDF FILE - POSTER - CONTINUOUS MANUFACTURE

 

 

     
SOURCES AND ORIGINS   Primary sources of materials and the main processes involved in converting into workable forms for at least one material area.
PAPER AND CARD AND USING AND WORKING WITH THESE MATERIALS  

 

PAPER AND CARD - ORIGIN AND PROPERTIES

2. How Paper and Card are Manufactured
3. Materials for Packaging - Paper and Card
4. More Materials for Packaging
5. Corrugated Card
7. Laminated Card
8. Laminated Card - Examination Question

7. The Life Cycle of Natural Wood
15. Sustainability - What is a Sustainable Forest?
3. REVISION CARDS - Sustainable Design and Sustainable Materials

WORKING WITH PAPER AND CARD

1. Paper and Card Sizes - ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation)

2. Paper and Card Weight / Grammage

PDF FILE - PAPER WEIGHT AND SIZE LEAFLET AND POSTER

Modelling Materials Examination Question - 2
REVISION CARDS - Models and Prototypes

Model Making - Tools and Equipment - 1

Model Making - Tools and Equipment - 2

Model Making - Tools and Equipment - 3

Model Making - Tools and Equipment - 4

9. Manufacturing Nets / Developments by Hand

10. Manufacturing Nets / Packaging in Industry - Small Scale Production

11. Vinyl Cutter Exercise


13. Manufacturing Nets /Packaging in Industry - Large Scale Production

10. Printing Effects - Varnishing and UV Varnishing

11. Printing Effects - Laminating

12. Printing Effects - Embossing

13. Printing Effects - Embossing - The Visually Impaired

PRINTING PROCESSES AND PRINTING EFFECTS

Video - Industrial Printing Processes

3. The Letterpress (1)

4. The Letterpress (2)

5. The Rotary Letterpress

6. Screen Printing

7. Lithography

Video - FOIL BLOCKING / FOIL STAMPING and DIGITAL FOIL HOT STAMP MACHINE

  8. Foil Blocking

9. The Photocopier

Video - PRINTING PROCESSES 3 - UV VARNISHING, LAMINATING AND EMBOSSING

10. Printing Effects - Varnishing and UV Varnishing

11. Printing Effects - Laminating

12. Printing Effects - Embossing

13. Printing Effects - Embossing - The Visually Impaired

 

14. The Die Cutter

15. The Need for Printing Effects - Including Die Cutting

 

16. CD ROM Packaging - Direct Printing

17. Manufacturing Nets/Developments - CD ROM Packaging

PDF FILE - EXAMINATION QUESTION - PRINTING TECHNIQUES - STARTER / PLENARY

A PRACTICAL ACTIVITITIES
A range of practcial projects using card and modelling materials, based on examination questions, can be found by following the link. They are found at the bottom half of the page.
http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes1/prddex1.html


 

 

 

TIMBER BASED PRODUCTS AND WORKING WITH THESE MATERIALS

FINISHES TO BE ADDED

 

Use you own knowledge in this area, to select the specific knowledge that you feel you need to teach. There is far too much detail below, so you will need to consider what should be left out. this may depend on the nature of the workshops you can access.

TIMBER BASED PRODUCTS - ORIGIN AND PROPERTIES

Video - Felling, Preparation of Natural Wood and Seasoning.

3. The Preparation of Timber for Commercial Use - 1 
  4. The Preparation of Timber -Air Seasoning - 2 
  5. The Preparation of Timber - Kiln Seasoning - 3 
  6. Summary - Natural Wood - Raw Materials to Manufacturing a Product

Video - PREPARATION OF TIMBER AFTER SEASONING

7. Initial Preparation of Timber 
  8. Preparation of Stock - Planing of Boards. 
  PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON THE PREPARATION OF TIMBER 
  9. Revision Cards - Natural Wood to Products
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - What are Hard Woods?
  PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - What are Softwoods?
  PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - What are Compliant Materials / Manmade Boards?
  
  REVISION CARDS - Hardwoods 
  REVISION CARDS - Softwoods 
  REVISION CARDS - Manmade Boards

 

10. Stock Forms - Woods 
  Stock Forms - REVISION CARDS 
    
  11. Veneer 
    
  12. Natural Woods  
  13. Manmade Boards  
  14. Flexi Ply, a Flexible Form of Plywood 
    
  15. What is a Sustainable Forest?  
  16. Sustainability Questions 
  Revision Cards - Sustainable Design and Sustainable Materials

 

18. Manmade Boards and Natural Woods Questions 
  19. Natural Woods and Man Made Boards Question

 

JOINTS  
     
  1. Cross Halving Joints  
  2.Tee Halving, Dovetail Halving and Half Lap Joints  
  3. Bridle Joints  
    
  4. The Mortise and Tenon Joint - The Basics  
  5. Mortise and Tenon Joints - 1  
  6. Mortise and Tenon Joints - 2  
7. Double / Twin Mortise and Tenon Joints
  8. How to Mark Out and Cut a Mortise and Tenon Joint - the Mortise  
  9. How to Mark Out and Cut a Mortise and Tenon Joint - the Tenon  
     
  10. Dovetail Joints  
  11. How to Mark Out and Cut Dovetail Joints - The Tail  
  12. How to Mark Out and Cut Dovetail Joints - The Pins  
  13. Finger Joints  
  14. How to Mark Out and Cut a Set of Finger Joints - Part One  
  15. How to Mark Out and Cut a Set of Finger Joints - Part Two  
  16. Lapped / Rebate / Shoulder Joints  
  17. How to Mark Out and Cut a Rebate / Shoulder / Lapped Joint  
    
  QUESTIONS - JOINTS  
    
  1. Finger /Dovetail Joints - Questions  
  2. Tools Required for Cutting Finger / Dovetail Joints  
 
PRACTICAL ACTIVITY
PDF FILE - HOW TO MARK OUT AND CUT FINGER JOINTS
 
PRACTICAL ACTIVITY
PDF FILE - HOW TO MARK OUT AND CUT DOVETAIL JOINTS
 
    
  SCREWS AND GLUES  
  
  1. Types of Screws - 1
  2. Types of Screws - 2
  3. Types of Nail
  
  4. Cyanoacrylate (Super Glue)
  5. Revision Cards - Cyanacrylate (Super Glue)
  
  5. General Glues for Woods
  6. How to Apply Cascamite
  7. Glues for Plastics  
  8. Lesson Starter - Glues  
    
  HINGES 
   
  1. Types of Hinges 
   
  KNOCK DOWN FITTINGS 
   
  1. Knock-Down (K/D) Fittings 
  2. More Knock-Down (K/D) Fittings 
  3. The Table Plate 
   
  REVISION CARDS - Knock Down Joints 
  REVISION CARDS - Flat Packs 
   
  NUTS AND BOLTS 
   
  1. Bolts - Sheet 1 
  2. Bolts - Sheet 2

FINISHES TO BE ADDED

SHAPING, CUTTING AND PROCESSING

1. The Fretsaw
2. Machine Drills
3. The Bench Drill
4. The Bench Drill - Worksheet
5. The Hand Drill
6. How to use a Hand Drill
10. Types of Plane
11. Types of Plane - Questions / Worksheet
12. How to use a Smoothing Plane and Jack Plane
13. The Woodworkers Try-Square
14. The Marking Gauge
16. The Sliding Bevel
17. Back Saws
18. The Coping Saw
24. General Chisels
25. The Mortise Gauge
26. The Mortise Chisel
32. Disk Sander - 1
33. Disk Sander - 2

A RANGE OF DESIGN AND PRACTICAL PROJECTS CAN BE FOUND FOLLOWING THE LINK. LOOK AT THE BOTTOM HALF OF THE PAGE:
http://www.technologystudent.com/joints/joindex.htm

LAMINATED PARTS

6. Manufacturing the Eames lounge Chair - Laminated Parts / Components

Using Flexiply to Shapes and Forms

WOOD TURNING

Video - An Introduction to Wood Turning

1. Introduction to Wood Turning
2. Wood Turning between Centres and using a Three Jaw Chuck
3. Preparing a Length and Wood for Turning
 
4. Wood Turning Tools - Gouges
5. Woodworkers Lathe Tools - Chisels and Scrapers
6. Lathe Ring Tools and Parting Tools
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON TURNING TOOLS
 
7. Marking Out Wood to be Turned on a Lathe between Centres
8. Using a Card Template
9. Boring/Drilling Long holes (Deep Boring) on the Lathe
 
10. The Basics of Bowl Turning
11. Preparing a Blank for Bowl Turning
12. Turning a Blank on a Woodworking Lathe - 1
13. Finishing Turning a Bowl on a Lathe
14. Applying a Finish to a Turned Bowl
 
15. Turning a Bowl with a Matching Lid - Preparing the Blanks
16 Turn a Bowl with a Matching Lid - Lathe Work
 
PDF FILE - CLASS DISPLAY - WOOD TURNING LATHE (POSTER 1)
PDF FILE - CLASS DISPLAY - WOOD TURNING LATHE (POSTER 2)
PDF FILE - CLASS DISPLAY - WOOD TURNING (POSTER 3)
PDF FILE - CLASS DISPLAY - WOOD TURNING (POSTER 4)
PDF FILE - CLASS DOSPLAY - WOOD TURNING (POSTER 5)

CNC ROUTERS

10. 3D Manufacture using CNC Machines
12. Manufacturing a Basic DVD / CD Storage Unit - Batch Production

POWER TOOLS
 
1. CORDED HAMMER DRILLS
2. BASIC ACCESSORIES AND DRILL BITS
3. CORDLESS HAMMER DRILLS
4. SDS (SPECIAL DIRECT SYSTEM) DRILLS
5. POWER SCREWDRIVERS
6. MACHINE PLANERS
7. SHEET SANDERS
8. PALM SANDERS
9. MACHINE ROUTERS
10. MACHINE ROUTERS AND ROUTER BITS
11. THE JIGSAW
12. FURTHER USE OF A JIGSAW
13. HAND HELD CIRCULAR SAWS
14. TABLE CIRCULAR SAWS - 1
15. TABLE CIRCULAR SAWS - QUESTION

 

 

METAL BASED PRODUCTS AND WORKING WITH THESE MATERIALS  

Use you own knowledge in this area, to select the specific knowledge that you feel you need to teach. There is far too much detail below, so you will need to consider what should be left out. this may depend on the nature of the workshops you can access.

METAL BASED PRODUCTS - ORIGIN AND PROPERTIES

Video - IRON ORE AND STEEL PRODUCTION

1. Iron Ore to Iron Ore Pellets 
  2. Where is Iron Ore Mined?
 
  3. The Blast Furnace - Iron Production 
  4. Processes inside the Blast Furnace 
  5. Producing Steel through the Modern Converter Process

 

6. Metals  
 7. Alloys 
 10. Steel Bench - Examination Question 
 11. Steel Bench Construction - Examination Question 
 12. Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Question 
 13. Metals and Properties Questions

 

REVISION CARDS - Ferrous Metals 
  REVISION CARDS - Ferrous Metals - Simple Version 
REVISION CARDS - Non-Ferrous Metals

FINISHES

 
  8. Galvanising Steel - 1  
  9. Galvanising Steel - 2  
 
 
15. Etching using a Vinyl Cutter and a PCB Etchant Tank
 
    
 10. Steel Bench - Examination Question 
 11. Steel Bench Construction - Examination Question 
 12. Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Question 
 13. Metals and Properties Questions

JOINING METALS

   NUTS AND BOLTS 
  1. Bolts - Sheet 1 
  2. Bolts - Sheet 2 
   
   RIVETS 
  1. Pop Riveting 
  2. Cold Rivets - Types and General Use 
  3. Joining Plates with Rivets - 1 
  4. Joining Plates with Rivets - 2 
  5. Joining Plates with Rivets - 3 
   
  PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE EXERCISE REGARDING COLD RIVETING 
   
  6. Rivets and Movement
 
    FITTINGS FOR SHAFTS AND WHEELS
1. Push Fittings 
  2. Split Pins 
3. Lock Nuts 
  4.Combination Lock Nut and Split Pin. 
  5. Fittings for Metal Tube Frames - 1 
  6. Fittings for Metal Tube - 2 
  7. Examination Question 
  
   BRAZING
1. The Brazing Hearth 
2. A Brazed Joint
3. The Brazing Hearth - Health and Safety
4. Hardening and Tempering
5. Case Hardening of Steel
6. Annealing of Metals
 
WELDING WITH OXYACETYLENE
1. Introduction to Oxyacetylene Welding
2. Gas Welding and Safety
3. Steel Welding Procedure - Flat Steel Plates
4. Welding Steel Plates at Right Angles
5. Brazing with Oxyacetylene
6. Braze Welding (Bronze Welding) and Brazing using Oxyacetylene

OTHER FORMS OF WELDING TO BE ADDED SOON

METALS - SHAPING AND PROCESSING

2. Machine Drills
3. The Bench Drill
4. The Bench Drill - Worksheet
19. The Hacksaw
20. How to use a Hacksaw
28. The Power Hacksaw
 
29. Hand Files - 1
30. Hand Files - 2
31. Hand Files - 3
32. Disk Sander - 1
33. Disk Sander - 2
34. Bending Tubes and Pipes

THE CENTRE LATHE - TURNING

Video - The Centre Lathe - An Introduction

10. The Centre Lathe
11. The Centre Lathe - 'Facing Off' and Short Taper Turning
12. Turning a Long Taper
13. Using the Centre Lathe to Drill
14. Using the Automatic Traverse to Turn a Length of Steel
15. How to Centre a Lathe Tool - Types of Tool
16. How to use a Knurling Tool
17. The Centre Lathe - Health and Safety
 
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - POSTER 1 - CENTRE LATHE - THE LATHE
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - POSTER 2 - CENTRE LATHE - 3 AND 4 JAW CHUCKS
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - CENTRE LATHE - TAPER TURNING
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - CENTRE LATHE - DRILLING
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM DISPLAY - CENTRE LATHE - LATHE TOOLS

 

MILLING

1. The Shaping Machine.
2. The Polishing (Buffing) Machine
3. The Polishing  (Buffing) Machine - Health and Safety
 
4. The Vertical Miller (1)
5. The Vertical Miller (2)  - Making Adjustments
6. The Vertical Miller (3) - More Information
7. The Vertical Miller - Health and Safety
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR VERTICAL MILLER PRINTABLE WORKSHEET 
 
8. The Horizontal Milling Machine
9. The Horizontal Milling Machine - Cutters and Up-Milling
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE HORIZONTAL MILLING MACHINE WORKSHEET

 

CASTING

Video - ALUMINIUM CASTING - PREPARING THE COPE AND DRAG– PART ONE

7. Foundry Work 1(Casting 1)
8. Foundry Work 2 (Casting 2)
9. Foundry Work 3 (Casting 3)
10. Foundry Work 4 (Casting 4)
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON THE CASTING PROCEDURE

 

Video - ALUMINIUM CASTING – PART TWO - The furnace, heating aluminium and pouring.

11. The Furnace
12. Safety Clothing for Casting
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON THE CYLINDRICAL FURNACE AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
 
13. The Casting Procedure (1)
14. The Casting Procedure (2)
15. The Casting Procedure (3)
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET

 

POTENTIAL SMALL SCALE ALUMINIUM CASTING PROJECT

VIDEO - SMALL SCALE ALUMINIUM CASTING

1. PREPARING THE COPE (TOP CASTING BOX)
2. PREPARING THE DRAG (BOTTOM CASTING BOX)
3. HEATING THE POURING THE ALUMINIUM

 

PEWTER CASTING AND A POTENTIAL PROJECT
 
PEWTER CASTING -1
 
1. Pewter Casting -1
2. Pewter Casting - 2
3. Pewter Casting - Safety
4. Pewter Casting - Question Sheet-1
5. Pewter Casting - Question Sheet - 2
 
PEWTER CASTING -2
 
6. Pewter, Small Scale Casting Project - Part 1
7. Pewter, Small Scale Casting Project - Part - 2
8. Pewter, Small Scale Casting Project - Part - 3
9. Pewter, Small Scale Casting Project - 4
10. Pewter, Small Scale Casting Project - 5
PDF FILE - Small Scale Casting - Pewter - Sequence Drawing Worksheet
 
11. MDF Moulds and Pewter Casting - Small Scale Casting - 1
12. MDF Moulds and Pewter Casting - Small Scale - 2
13. MDF Mould Design and Worksheet

 

EXAMINATION QUESTIONS

 10. Steel Bench - Examination Question 
 11. Steel Bench Construction - Examination Question 
 12. Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals Question 
 13. Metals and Properties Questions

 

     
POLYMER BASED PRODUCTS AND WORKING WITH THESE MATERIALS  

 

POLYMER BASED PRODUCTS - ORIGIN AND PROPERTIES

1. Plastics, Fuels and Chemicals from Crude Oil 
  2. The Oil Refinery and Distillation Tower 
3. The Manufacture and Nature of Plastics  
  4. Crude Oil to Fuels and Plastics - Summary Diagram 
  REVISION CARDS - Oil to Plastics

 

5. Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPEs) 
  6. Properties of Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPEs) 
  7. Examination Question - Thermoplastic Elastomers 
    
  8. Renewable and Environmentally Friendly Polylactide 
  9. Polylactide - Life Cycle 
  10. Polylactide - Examination Question 
  PDF FILE - POSTER - POLYLACTIDE 
   
  11. Biopol - Environmentally Friendly Plastic 
  12. Life Cycle of Biopol 
  REVISION CARDS - BIOPOL 
   
  13. Oxodegradable Polymers 
    
  14. Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET / PETE (Polyester) 
  15. Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET / PETE - Examination Question 
  16. Vacuum Forming PETE Packaging - Examination Question 
    
  19. Examination Question - Polypropylene Packaging 
    
  REVISION CARDS - Thermosetting Plastics 
  REVISION CARDS - Thermoplastics 
   
  27. Nylon (Polyamide) - An Introduction 
  28. What is Nylon and how it is Manufactured ? 
  29. Revision Cards - Nylon 
   
  30. Polyurethane and Foam Rubber 
  31. Polyurethane - Formula and Sample Products 
  32. Revision Cards - Polyurethane and Foam Rubber

 

27. Nylon (Polyamide) - An Introduction 
  28. What is Nylon and how it is Manufactured ? 
  29. Revision Cards - Nylon 
    
  30. Polyurethane and Foam Rubber 
  31. Polyurethane - Formula and Sample Products 
  32. Revision Cards - Polyurethane and Foam Rubber

 

FURTHER SHAPING, PROCESSING AND MACHINING

 

1. The Fretsaw
2. Machine Drills
3. The Bench Drill
4. The Bench Drill - Worksheet
19. The Hacksaw
20. How to use a Hacksaw
28. The Power Hacksaw
 
29. Hand Files - 1
30. Hand Files - 2
31. Hand Files - 3
32. Disk Sander - 1
33. Disk Sander - 2
34. Bending Tubes and Pipes

 

2. The Polishing (Buffing) Machine
3. The Polishing  (Buffing) Machine - Health and Safety
1. Injection Moulding
2. Extrusion
3. Blow Moulding
4. Examination Question - Injection / Blow Moulding
5. Moulding through Compression
6. Vacuum Forming - Blister Packaging
 
7. Examination Question (Part One) - Injection Moulding  HIPS, HDPE, LDPE, PP, Acrylic (PMMA), ABS.
8. Examination Question (Part Two) - Injection Moulding HIPS, HDPE, LDPE, PP, Acrylic (PMMA), ABS.
 
9. Vacuum Forming (two pages)
10. Vacuum Forming Examination Question - 1
11. Vacuum Forming Examination Question - 2
12. Using a Strip Heater
13. Strip Heater Question
14. Sequence Drawing - Use of the Strip Heater
15. The Profile Cutter

 

 

1. Manufacturing a Simple Desk Top Organiser - The Base 
  2. Manufacturing a Simple Desk Top Organiser - The Tubes 
  3. Injection Moulding 
  4. Line Bending / Strip Heater

26. Further Questions and Answers on Plastics 

20. Low Density Polyethylene Questions
21.  LDPE and Extrusion Blow Moulding 
  22. Extrusion Blow Moulding - Question - 1
23. Extrusion Blow Moulding - Question - 2
24. Rotational Moulding
25. Rotational Moulding - Questions

 

 

     
ELECTRONICS AND SYSTEMS  

 

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS

1. Printed Circuit Boards
3. Manufacture of Printed Circuit Boards - 1
4. Manufacture of Printed Circuit Boards - 2
PRINTABLE WORKSHEET (MANUFACTURE OF PCBS)

9. Manufacture of PCBs - CNC Machines

SOLDERING

6. Soldering Techniques

7. What is Solder? Good and Bad Joints

8. Revision Cards - Soldering


STANDARD COMPONENTS

1. What is a Standard Component? 
2. Why use Standard Components when Designing and Manufacturing?
4. Complex Standard Components

TYPE OF ICs (INTEGRATED CIRCUITS)

9. Integrated Circuits - 1  
  10. Integrated Circuits - 2  
  11. Integrated Circuits - 3

RESISTORS

17. Resistors  
 18. Fixed Resistors - Revision Cards

PIC MICROCONTROLLERS

1. Lesson Starter - PIC-Micro-controller 
  2. Sample Answer 
  3. Inputs and Outputs- Identification Question

1. What is a PIC Microcontroller? What can it do?

 

 

DESIGNING AND MAKING PRINCIPLES    

 

 

Investigation, primary and secondary data
Environmental, social and economic challenge


The work of others.


Designers and Companies


Design Strategies:
Collaboration
User centered design
A systems approach (See the section "Systems Approach to Design)
Iterative design
Avoiding design fixation

 


Communication of design ideas
Prototype development
Selection of materials and components
Tolerances
Material management
Specialist tools and equipment
Specialist techniques and processes

Freehand sketching, isometric and perspective
2D and 3D drawings
System and schematic diagrams
Annotated drawings that explain detailed development or the conceptual stages of designing
Exploded diagrams to show constructional detail or assembly
Working drawings: 3rd angle orthographic, using conventions, dimensions and drawn to scale
Audio and visual recordings in support of aspects of designing: eg interviews with client or users
Mathematical modelling
Computer based tools

 


RESEARCH COLLECTED THROUGH THE ITERATIVE DESIGN CYCLE

PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR AN INTRODUCTION TO THE ITERATIVE DESIGN PROCESS
(PREPARATION FOR CHANGES TO THE TEACHING OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE UK, FOR 2017)
Courtesy of the World Association of Technology Teachers

1. How Iterative Design Works
2. CYCLE ONE - From Design Problem to Specification
3. CYCLE TWO - From Design Concept to Initial Testing
4. CYCLE THREE - From Improved Designs to Initial Evaluation / Conclusions
5. CYCLE FOUR - From Selected Idea to Evaluation and Modifications

PDF FILE - SUMMARY CARDS - ITERATIVE DESIGN CYCLE

PDF FILE - DESIGN SHEETS FOR DISPLAY IN A CLASSROOM

FOR A RANGE OF DRAWING AND SKETCHING TECHNIQUES GO TO
http://www.technologystudent.com/designpro/drawdex.htm

PRIMARY SOURCES OF DATA

Customer Profile Questionnaire
Client/Customer Profile Sheet

7. The Role of a Focus Group
8. Market Research
10. How Market Research can be Carried Out
11 Design Idea to Design Concept (including Market Research)

Materials Research / Development - a Practical Approach
Materials Research / Development Summary Sheet
Advanced Material Tests

Focussed Analytical Research of Existing Products
Focussed Ergonomics Research based on the Direct Needs of the Client.
Survey / Questionnaire
Focussed Questionnaire
Product Review
Focussed Ergonomics Research based on the Direct Needs of the Client.
11. REVISION CARDS - The Difference between Anthropometrics and Ergonomics
15. ACTIVITY - Anthropometric Data and Handle Design

Testing and Evaluation - Why?
Testing and Evaluation Sheet 1
Testing and Evaluation Sheet 2

 

SECONDARY DATA SOURCES

Technical Data Sheet


THE WORK OF OTHER DESIGNERS- see designers listed on http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes1/prddex1.html
PRACTICAL EXAMPLES: Developing A Design From A Theme (1) - Developing A Design From A Theme (2)
Practice Examination Question - Sample 'Theme' Development Design Sheet

Information collected from websites and publishers such as www.technologystudent.com

ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHALLENGES

CLICK HERE FOR AN EXTENSIVE PDF FILE - MORALS, ETHICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL

MANUFACTURING SPECIFICATION

Justified Specification
The Manufacturing Specification.

COMMUNICATING DESIGN IDEAS

1. Presentation Techniques used by Designers - An Introduction
2. Isometric Drawing and Designers
3. The Designer and Perspective Drawing
4. The Designer and Flowcharts
5. The Designer and Orthographic Drawing - 1
6. The Designer and Orthographic Drawing - 2 (Sectional Views)
7. The Designer and Computer Aided Design (CAD)
8. The Designer and Prototypes
9. The Designer and Moodboards - 1
10. Designer Inspiration and Moodboards - 2
11. Inspiration / Moodboards and Motifs

EXAMPLES OF COMMUNICATING DESIGNS
Sample Ideas Sheet 1

Sample Ideas Sheet 2 - Starting with an Existing Idea
Sample Ideas Sheet 3 - Starting with Properties of Materials
Sample Ideas Sheet - Starting with an Iconic Design

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING
Computer Generated Systems Model (Spreadsheets)


FOR A DETAILED RANGE OF COMMUNNICATION METHODS GO TO http://www.technologystudent.com/designpro/drawdex.htm


SPECIALIST TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
For a range of equipment and tools go to the following links, although you may want to explore several sections on www.technologystudent.com

http://www.technologystudent.com/equip1/equipex1.htm
http://www.technologystudent.com/joints/joindex.htm
http://www.technologystudent.com/cam/camex.htm

TOLERANCES

8. Tolerances - 1
9. Tolerance - 2
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON TOLERANCES
10. Tolerance Examination Question

PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT
This explains ways of developing a prototype design
You may wish to visit http://www.technologystudent.com/designpro/despro1.htm to explore a very detailed section on product design and development.

Modelling an Idea with Corrugated Card

The Card Model Development Section
Model Making - Record of Manufacture
Sample Scaled Model Summary Sheet

Sample Layout to Model Making Sequence Drawing Sheets
Model Making Sequence Drawing - 1
Model Making Sequence Drawing - 2

Below is an alternative way of presenting your design ideas and developing them, in an integrated way. The aim to produce good quality sheets, that show the development of  your product, from a basic idea to a developed final design.
 Click here for sheet 1
Click here for sheet 2
Click here for sheet 3
Click here for sheet 4
Click here for sheet 5
Click here for sheet 6
Click here for sheets 7, 8 and 9 (Final Developed Idea)
Click here for sheet 10 (Working Drawing and Isometric View)


HEALTH AND SAFETY - QUALITY CONTROL

1. Health and Safety - Risk Assessments
2. Risk Assessment and Monitoring - Step by Step
 
REVISION CARDS - Risk Assessments
 
http://www.technologystudent.com/health1/ed1.htm

1. The British Standards Institute Kite Mark and the Conformite European Symbol
 
2. Quality Assurance
3. Quality Control
 
PDF FILE  - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON QUALITY CONTROL
 
4. Quality Control Exercise
5. Quality Control and Quality Assurance - Examination Questions and Answers
6. Products and Quality Standards - Examination Question
REVISION CARDS - Quality Standards 



Material Management    
Cut materials efficiently and minimise waste  

 

1. Manufacturing Products and Reducing Waste
2. Manufacturing Products and Reducing Waste - Using Accurate Templates
3. Dealing with Waste - Reuse / Recycle
4. Training / Educating Staff about the Importance of Reducing Waste

19. Nets / Developments and Tessellations and Packaging

See 'Continuous Improvement' (CI) in the Sustainabiltiy Section

See 'Standard Units' in the Electronics and Systems section

 

     
Use appropriate marking out methods, data points and coordinates    
The value of using measurement and marking out to create an accurate and quality prototype.
The use of data points and coordinates including the use of reference points, lines and surfaces, templates, jigs and/or patterns
   
     
Surface treatments and finishes    
Know and understand that surface treatments and finishes are applied for functional and aesthetic purposes.
How to prepare a material for a treatment or finish.
How to apply an appropriate surface treatment or finish
.
 

 

17. Printing Effects - Varnishing and UV Varnishing
16. Aroma Pigments
8. Foil Blocking
11. Printing Effects - Laminating
12. Printing Effects - Embossing
13. Printing Effects - Embossing - The Visually Impaired


11. Veneer

 

8. Galvanising Steel - 1  
  9. Galvanising Steel - 2
  15. Etching using a Vinyl Cutter and a PCB Etchant Tank