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JOHANNES GUTENBERG 1398 - 1468 (GERMANY)

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Known as the inventor of a machine / mechanical device, that would change the world, unleash creative thinking, innovation, knowledge, the thoughts of mankind, record history, make history and allow an unprecedented exchange of information, unrivalled until the ‘invention’ of the internet. He designed and manufactured the first printing press. Printing had been developed in China, but Gutenberg developed the technology into a press, capable of printing up to 3600 pages a day. Gutenberg’s earlier work as a blacksmith and goldsmith, inevitably influenced his printing press invention.
A printing press operator would roll ink over the surface of letter blocks, which were held captive within a wooden frame. A press powered by hand via a wooden screw, provided the force needed to transfer the ink to the paper. Gutenberg also developed oil based ink and it was this combination of ink and press technology, which made volume printing, commercially viable. Gutenburg’s press and ink, allowed information to be recorded and distributed in quantity, for the first time.
Gutenburg was bankrupted as a result of a dispute with a money lender and was exiled from his country. It is worth noting, that a very rare copy of the Gutenberg Bible was last seen at auction in 1978 and sold for $2.2 million. A single page from one of the bibles sold for $70000 in 2007. Where would we be without books?
 
 
 
 
 
 
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